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Public Religion Research Institute;
"American Democracy in Crisis: The Challenges of Voter Knowledge, Participation, and Polarization"— the first of a series of surveys from PRRI/The Atlantic examining challenges to democratic institutions and practices— finds an alarming number of Americans do not know what factors qualify people for or disqualify people from voting. The survey also finds large divides by political party, race, and ethnicity regarding the biggest problems facing the U.S. electoral system. At the same time, there is strong, bipartisan support for a range of policies that increase access to the ballot.
Among Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the United States ranks near the bottom in infant mortality rates. This is particularly perilous for black babies in the U.S., who are more than twice as likely to die before their first birthday as a white baby. In addition to the medical care and access a woman and baby receive, these poor outcomes are also driven by social determinants of health—non-clinical factors such as social, educational, environmental, and economic opportunities that affect a woman's overall health and wellbeing. This multi-faceted challenge requires a multi-faceted approach.
Cross-sector collaborations offer a way forward in their ability to direct multiple actors and interventions toward the same goal. In this report, we highlight lessons learned from two of our birth outcomes projects in Fresno County, California, and Staten Island, New York, to offer others insights into paths to success and challenges to be aware of when seeking to address birth outcomes through such collaborations.
American Enterprise Institute;
This report seeks specifically to answer two important sets of questions that bear on the economic fortunes of black men in America:
1. What share of black men have reached the middle class or higher as adults? What share are in poverty?
2. What are the key institutional and cultural engines of economic success for black men in America today?
Center for Effective Philanthropy (CEP), The;
In February and March of 2018, the Center for Effective Philanthropy (CEP) conducted a survey of Great Lakes Higher Education Guaranty Corporation's grantees and applicants. These are the comprehensive survey results.
Pew Research Center;
Large demographic shifts are reshaping America. The country is growing in numbers, it's becoming more racially and ethnically diverse and the population is aging. But according to a new analysis by Pew Research Center, these trends are playing out differently across community types. Urban areas are at the leading edge of racial and ethnic change, with nonwhites now a clear majority of the population in urban counties while solid majorities in suburban and rural areas are white. Urban and suburban counties are gaining population due to an influx of immigrants in both types of counties, as well as domestic migration into suburban areas. In contrast, rural counties have made only minimal gains since 2000 as the number of people leaving for urban or suburban areas has outpaced the number moving in. And while the population is graying in all three types of communities, this is happening more rapidly in the suburbs than in urban and rural counties.
While hunger has no boundaries, it does impact some communities more than others. African Americans are disproportionately affected by hunger and poverty.
*The food insecurity rate among African-American, non-Hispanic households is more than double that of White, non-Hispanic households.
*An estimated 1 in 4 (23%) African-American, non-Hispanic households is food insecure as compared to 1 in 11 (9%) White, non-Hispanic households and 1 in 8 (12%) households overall.
*An estimated 1 in 4 (26%) African-American, non-Hispanic children live in food-insecure households as compared to 1 in 8 (13%) White, non-Hispanic children.
*While the 94 counties in 2016 with a majority African-American, non-Hispanic population represent only 3% of all U.S. counties, 96% of African-American, non-Hispanic majority counties fall into the top 10% of counties with the highest rates of food insecurity. Majority African-American, non-Hispanic counties, however, have an average unemployment rate (8%) and poverty rate (29%) that, while substantially higher than the average of all counties (5% and 16%,respectively) are roughly the same as all high food-insecurity rate counties (7% and 28%, respectively).
*Of the 10 counties with the highest food-insecurity rates in the nation, they are all at least 60% African-American, non-Hispanic. Seven of the 10 counties are located in Mississippi.
*Thirty-six out of the 90 majority African-American, non-Hispanic counties that fall into the top 10% of counties with the highest rates of food insecurity also have food costs that are greater than the national average of $3.00; the average cost per meal in these counties is $3.14.
Both equity and social, emotional, and academic development are currently receiving much-needed attention, but neither can fully succeed without recognizing strengths and addressing gaps in these complementary priorities. Rather than being pursued as two separate bodies of work, the field needs to identify ways in which equity and social, emotional, and academic development can be mutually reinforcing. To accomplish this requires examining issues of race directly; this can be difficult and uncomfortable, but we cannot avoid race and let the challenges go unacknowledged and, therefore, inadequately addressed.
Greater Pittsburgh Arts Council;
Why this research project, and why now? There is urgency to this inquiry. It is written against the real-world backdrop of patterns of cultural appropriation, omission, and exclusion in the Pittsburgh area arts community dating back decades. Racial Equity and Arts Funding in Greater Pittsburgh is an opportunity to promote understanding about past and current practices regarding race and arts funding in Greater Pittsburgh. It is an inquiry into how resources, in the form of competitive grants programs by public arts agencies and private foundations, are distributed.
This report offers recommendations on how equity issues can be addressed through revisions to grantmaking policies and procedures, with the goal of making some features common practice among all funders, both public and private. Recommendations include broader initiatives that go beyond grantmaking processes to policy shifts and special programs.
Vera Institute of Justice;
The evidence for racial disparities in the criminal justice system is well documented. The disproportionate racial impact of certain laws and policies, as well as biased decision making by justice system actors, leads to higher rates of arrest and incarceration in low-income communities of color. However, there is no evidence that these widely disproportionate rates of criminal justice contact and incarceration are making us safer. This brief presents an overview of the ways in which America's history of racism and oppression continues to manifest in the criminal justice system, and a summary of research demonstrating how the system perpetuates the disparate treatment of black people. The evidence presented here helps account for the hugely disproportionate impact of mass incarceration on millions of black people, their families, and their communities.
Community College Equity Assessment Lab;
This report looks at the disparity in exposure to exlusionary practices faced by young men of color, specifically young black males, in San Diego County.