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Nepal has a good track record of improving menstrual hygiene management (MHM) facilities, increasing access to affordable and hygienic sanitary materials, delivering creative awareness campaigns and policy advocacy, and developing the capacity of local stakeholders to promote MHM. Nevertheless, Operations and maintenance (O&M) of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) remains challenging.MHM and WinS approaches in project schools are being used by Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) to help develop a programmatic approach that works at scale. The Government is finalising a Dignified Menstruation Policy. An MHM Practitioners' Alliance provides cross-sector coordination. Improving the curriculum and teacher capacity, as well as further learning and engagement opportunities for older generations of women, is needed.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF);
Among the six-infrastructure themes that this assessment focused on, roads seem to have the highest amount of impact on the snow leopard habitat. Experts' ranking ranged from 61% for road to 12.4% for settlement. Impact due to high density road infrastructure on snow leopard habitat ranges from 5,725km2 to 17,775km2. Prediction maps show an area (greater than 90 percentile) measuring between 525km2 and 625km2 as high impact zone in snow leopard habitat, affected by infrastructural development. The study concluded that the current cumulative effect of infrastructural development on snow leopard habitat is low. However, future impact scenario shows an increase of 50% impact area, most of which within or traversing through the core snow leopard habitats. Therefore, it is likely that snow leopard habitats would be subjected to a high degree of fragmentation, deterioration and human disturbances in the future.
The objectives of this report include:* To review and map out the policies, strategies, and programs related to MHM and explore the contexts that supportor inhibit adolescent girls' access to MHM and wider Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services;* To highlight key policy and program influencers and implementers;*To chart the existing advocacy initiatives, relevant working groups and coalitions, and community and youth groups;* To identify gaps, challenges, and opportunities in policy and programming;* To expand the knowledge base and understanding of the issue, key players, and interventions on MHM in Nepal tobuild potential partnerships;* To recommend future strategies for more comprehensive knowledge about MHM;* To stress the critical linkages among family planning, SRH, and MHM; and* To highlight relevant scholarship in the field of MHM
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out from November 2015-February 2016 of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Nepal 2015 earthquake.On the 25th April a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck, creating large-scale damage and many casualties. The epicentre was in the district of Gorkha with other districts and the Kathmandu valley also being affected. Oxfam launched a response almost immediately and an international team was mobilised to support local capacity. Oxfam responded with water, sanitation and hygiene promotion as well as cash grants, and livelihoods support. As there was widespread destruction of homes, shelter kits were considered to be an essential part of the programme. A hotline for receiving complaints and feedback from the affected population was set up and some changes were made according to the feedback received. Gender and protection issues were considered early on in the response with dedicated staff to support. The Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 15 recognised quality standards via a desk review.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in January 2016 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the 'Joint Programme on Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness'.The project under review was implemented between April 2011 and March 2016 in four districts in the Terai region of southern Nepal - Dhanusha, Rautahat, Salarhi, and Saptari. The project was carried out by Oxfam in partnership with several organisations, including the Koshi Victims Society (KVS), the Social Development Research Centre (SDRC), Bagmati Welfare Society Nepal (BWSN), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS), and Rural Development Centre (RDC). The project had three broad objectives, which were developed during its planning phase: (1) to strengthen and institutionalise Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR), (2) to enhance the capacity of local institutions to prepare for and respond to humanitarian emergencies, (3) to create an enabling environment for people to demand their 'rights in crisis'.
This report from the Population Council's Horizons program summarizes the policy analysis, documentation of current intervention models, and community-based study of trafficking in the context of an emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal.
International Center for Research on Women (ICRW);
Discusses the processes and results of a multi-year research study by ICRW, EngenderHealth, and Nepali partners, which tested the effectiveness of the participatory approach in defining and addressing the reproductive health concerns of adolescents.
Describes Nepali citizens' action projects to ensure water and sanitation service providers' responsiveness and accountability for sustainability and equity via constructive engagement and bridging gaps among the government, NGOs, donors, and communities.
Presents survey findings about Nepali school girls' knowledge and experience of menstrual hygiene and management. Considers implications for reproductive health and efforts to achieve development goals. Calls for steps to enable proper hygiene practices.
Asian Development Bank;
This is the Nepal case study of Investing in Ourselves - Giving and Fund Raising in Asia, which had its origin in the International Conference on Supporting the Nonprofit Sector in Asia, sponsored by the Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium (APPC) in January 1998.
This report documents a study of the reintegration of child domestic workers in Nepal. There are an estimated 1.8 million child labourers in Nepal, 361,814 of whom are child domestic workers. Whilst child domestic work (for children under 16 years) falls under the 'worst forms of child labour', as defined by Nepali legislation and therefore illegal within Nepal, in practice the law is applicable only at the institutional level (where there are more than 10 child employees, e.g. for factories or companies). This makes it very difficult to take legal action against employers since child domestic work is part of the informal sector, taking place in homes rather than institutions. The research was carried out by a Nepali nongovernmental organisation -- CWISH -- with the support of the international network Family for Every Child. This study is part of a larger thre country study, which examines the reintegration of street children in Mexico and children in residential care in Moldova. The overall aim is to identify successful elements in strategies to ensure the sustainable reintegration of children without parental care by examining the reintegration process from its initial preparatory stages through to after children have returned home
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine;
This report aims to ascertain whether or not vaccination programmes offer a useful entry point for hygiene promotion and to define options for piloting and scaling up of a hygiene promotion intervention in Nepal.