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Media Interventions and the Syrian Crisis: Can We Do More? seeks to create a deeper understanding of the role of media interventions as strategic drivers of impact on the ongoing Syrian crisis.In exploring the impact of media interventions in this context, we conducted a landscape scan and a review of programs and approaches conducted by FilmAid, the nonprofit organization that collaborated with us on this paper.
Save the Children;
The TDR Results Report illustrates progress made against the 23 key performance indicators that are part of the monitoring and evaluation matrix, in line with the current Performance Assessment Framework.The report shows progress made on various performance indicators related to three overarching categories related to not only on what is done (technical expected results), but also on how it is done (application of organizational core values and managerial performance).The report notes a high implementation rate, numerous new health tools that are being used in critical areas, and an expanded education and training programme, particularly focused on researchers in disease endemic countries. It provides summaries of activities to increase equity, such as increasing opportunities for women. The report includes a series of lessons learnt that have further improved the Programme's managerial effectiveness.
Today more than ever, the international community must share responsibility and stand firmly in support of Syria's civilian population. It is clear however that the aid response, as vital as it is, will only go so far and cannot fully address the needs of Syrian communities to be free from violence and the violations of international human rights (IHRL) and humanitarian law (IHL) that characterize the conflict.In this briefing, Oxfam joins with a variety of agencies and coordination fora to call on all members of the international community, in particular permanent members of the UN Security Council and the EU and EU member states who are discussing post-agreement planning, to insist on the full implementation of relevant UN Security Council resolutions on Syria that relate to respect for IHL and IHRL, as well as implementation of the Geneva CommuniquÃƒÂ© of 2012.The Brussels conference should also set the foundation for inclusive and meaningful participation of Syrian NGOs and civil society, including youth and women's groups, as key partners in ensuring effective post-agreement planning that captures the needs and desires of the people of Syria and supports local community rebuilding and resilience.
Syrian refugees and Palestine refugees from Syria have fled their homes in search of safety. But Oxfam's 2017 research revealed that most people interviewed do not consider that they have found complete safety and protection in Lebanon. Refugees' views on what constitutes 'safety' are individual and subjective. This paper argues that the international community and host governments should not make decisions for refugees about what or where is 'safe', but instead should support refugees to find safety in the present, and determine their futures for themselves.
This report presents the results of an independent evaluation of the Giving Refugees a Voice initiative, a pilot project implemented between January 2017 and 2018 by Equiception, Corporate Social Responsibility Association of Turkey (CSR Turkey) and an undisclosed technology partner. The initiative, funded by C&A Foundation with a grant of Euros 450,123, aimed to improve the working conditions for Syrian refugees in the apparel sector in Turkey. The pilot initiative used social media monitoring technology to analyse the public Facebook posts of millions of refugees associated with the apparel sector in Turkey. This Social Media Analysis aimed to demonstrate the systematic presence of Syrians working informally in the supply chains of the apparel sector. The purpose of this analysis was to galvanise brands, MultiStakeholder Initiatives, employers, and others to take actions and make changes that would directly improve the working conditions for Syrian men, women and young people in Turkey.
Arab Reform Initiative;
When the peaceful uprising in Syria started in spring 2011 turned into an armed resistance after a few months in the face of savage repression by the Assad regime. Since then, the activists who picked up arms became dependent on support in money and arms to be able to continue. Few other than the Assad regime question this narrative. Yet the consequences of this dependence are often overlooked. The sources of funding for the rebels and the strings attached to them have since shaped the landscape of the armed rebellion, not the other way round. What we have in Syria is not an Islamist revolution but a popular uprising that received funding primarily from Islamist sources. Acknowledging this is essential and has far-reaching implications for defining an effective policy in the Syrian conflict. As the United States, France and regional powers of the Middle East prepare for what appears to be an inevitable military strike on the Syrian regime of Bashar el Assad, questions are posed more urgently than ever: how to work with the armed opposition? who are the reliable forces? what are their capabilities? which groups can be part of the plan to replace Assad and how can the extremists be contained?This paper examines the circumstances and conditions that shaped the Syrian armed opposition and surveys the groups that remain committed to a democratic political system and a pluralistic society in Syria.
European Leadership Network;
The Task Force on Cooperation in Greater Europe recently released its fourth position paper highlighting the inherent threats stemming from the crisis in Syria. The paper,"Countering Threats in the Middle East," focuses on the Syrian conflict, highlighting the need for effective communication and cooperation. It also draws attention to the "proxy war" that's arisen out of the current unrest in Syria, and specifically calls on leaders in Russia and Turkey to deescalate current tensions and work toward a less adversary relationship.The report makes three specific recommendations directed toward the European and greater international community: avoid interstate conflict in Syria, refocus on fighting ISIS to prevent its reemergence, and work together to bring the Syrian conflict to a close. Unlike other international approaches to the regional conflict, the task for urges the international community to come together in a multilateral diplomatic fashion to quell the crisis.The Task force is made up of foreign leaders and defense ministers from countries across Europe, including Russia, Turkey, the UK, Poland, Ukraine, and France. It's supported by independent analysis done by the Russian International Affairs Council, the Polish Institute of International Affairs and the International Strategic Research Organisation in Ankara and Carnegie Corporation of New York grantee the European Leadership Network. The paper is the latest in a series of position papers.
This report attempts to chronicle the evolution of the Eastern Ghouta's politics since 2011, with a focus on the relations between local armed factions. Much could undoubtedly be written about how the Syrian government and its supporters have reacted to events in the Eastern Ghouta, but such analysis falls outside the scope of this report except as it touches directly on events inside the enclave.Unable to carry out research in the Eastern Ghouta or even meaningfully in Damascus to investigate these issues, I have instead relied on interviews with Syrians inside and outside the enclave, several of whom have to remain anonymous or are referred to by a pseudonym. Some interviews have been conducted in person, but most have taken place through Skype, phone, and email, or via Internet-based services such as WhatsApp, Telegram, Twitter, Viber, and Facebook.I have drawn a great deal of material from press statements by the relevant rebel factions and from Syrian government communications, as well as from online news sources and opposition forums in Arabic and English. Many rebel commanders maintain an active presence on Twitter and Facebook, and local activists have produced a wealth of commentary on social networking sites. Last but not least, coverage over the past few years by Syrian and international media, including from other Arab countries, has been an invaluable resource.Nonetheless, the dearth of systematic research and the lack of reliable source material has been a severe problem. In many cases I have been forced to piece together key events and context by collecting and comparing scraps of limited, biased, or contradictory data. Despite my best efforts, this report is certain to contain errors of fact and interpretation, and I would like to stress that those failures are mine alone; no interviewee or other source should be held responsible for any of the descriptions, conclusions, or opinions expressed.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review series 2013/14, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out between October and December 2013, of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Syria crisis in Jordan between March 2012 and December 2013.Three years of civil war in Syria has resulted in 2.2 million people fleeing across the border into neighbouring countries. Since 2011, more than 600,000 people from Syria have sought refuge in Jordan with several thousand arriving on some days in the peak period of January to April 2013. Oxfam worked with two partners providing food and hygiene items to refugees in a border community; providing protection and advocacy work for Syrian refugees; WASH facilities in Zaatari camp; and cash-for-rent vouchers and basic needs. Recently Oxfam has also started to form peer support networks and provide technical support to local water authorities in host communities. By the end of 2013, Oxfam had reached more than 120,000 beneficiaries across the various components of the programme.Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 13 recognized quality standards via a desk review.Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.
The unanimous adoption of UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 2139 at the end of February 2014 brought with it much needed hope for people in Syria and across the Middle East. In it, the UNSC called for an urgent increase in access for humanitarian aid in Syria and demanded that all parties immediately cease attacks against civilians, end arbitrary detention, kidnapping and torture, and lift sieges of populated areas. In July and December 2014, the UNSC adopted two additional resolutions - 2165 and 2191 - which authorized UN aid operations to enter Syria from neighbouring countries without requiring the consent of the Syrian government.This report reviews what real effects the UNSC Resolutions have had on protection of civilians, humanitarian access, increases in international aid contributions, and political solutions. It finds that, despite the three resolutions, violence in Syria has intensified, killings have increased, humanitarian access has diminished, and the humanitarian response remains severely and chronically underfunded.
The number of people killed, displaced or in desperate need of assistance as a result of the conflict in Syria continues to rise. With 3 million refugees, 6.5 million people displaced inside Syria and 190,000 people killed, the crisis is posing a serious risk to the security and stability of neighbouring countries.The sheer scale of this crisis demands specific and increased commitments from the international community to help alleviate the suffering:to fully fund the aid response,to offer refugees resettlement, andto halt the transfer of arms and ammunition.Through key indicators that Oxfam has developed in each of these areas, this briefing shows how far the international community is falling short of what is needed.
Danish Refugee Council;
The 'Supporting Syria and the Region' conference held in London on 4 February 2016 agreed 'a comprehensive new approach on how to respond to this protracted crisis. The promises made in London have the potential to make a significant contribution to improving the lives of both refugee and vulnerable host communities in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey: the three countries hosting approximately 75 percent of refugees from Syria. However, the conference has failed to deliver with regard to the core issues of the protection of civilians inside Syria and of refugees in neighbouring countries.This joint agency report sets out what needs to be done to make the London commitments a reality - including making pledged funding available, clear plans for improving access to livelihoods for refugees Ã‚Â and regulatory changes in host countries.