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IIE Center for Academic Mobility Research & Impact;
The Greek Diaspora Fellowship Program is funded by a grant from the Stavros Niarchos Foundation, and implemented by Institute of International Education (IIE) in collaboration with the Fulbright Foundation in Greece. With this grant, IIE supported 49 fellowships in 2016-2017 that created collaborative, mutually beneficial engagements between Greek institutions and North American academics.
This briefing paper is the result of a joint effort by 12 national and international organizations operating in Greece. The aim is to explain the current situation for those stranded in Greece for over six months since the closure of the northern border and introduction of the European Union (EU) - Turkey deal.These events changed Greece from a transit country to a country hosting tens of thousands of displaced persons for a still undefined, yet long-term, period. The briefing and recommendations presented are based on programmatic assessments as well as daily work and interaction with the displaced throughout Greece. Our hope is that this briefing and our joint recommendations will be of use to all actors engaged in addressing the situation and improving the response for those in need of protection in Greece.
Two years on from the peak of the "refugee crisis" in Greece, the Greek state is beginning to take over management and financing of aspects of the reception and integration system, and many international nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) that came to assist with the then-humanitarian emergency are downsizing or preparing to exit the country entirely. At this turning point, the 13 undersigned NGOs believe it is critical to reflect on our field experiences, build on the progress collectively made, and provide recommendations for a smooth transition and a sustainable Greek Government-managed refugee and migrant reception and integration system.The transition to a government-run response is a positive step if implemented transparently, promptly, and in close collaboration with local governments, as well as the organisations currently providing services, soon to fall under the responsibility of the Greek Government. It is under this current state of affairs, and with the goal of preventing regression, that we write this report.
International Rescue Committee;
One year ago, European states closed their borders along the Western Balkan route and EU leaders put in place the EU-Turkey Statement, a so-called temporary measure to stop irregular migration to Europe. Now EU leaders are declaring their approach a success.The International Rescue Committee (IRC), the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), and Oxfam are providing humanitarian response on the Greek islands and mainland, and as their experience clearly shows, the context on the ground is far more troubling and complex. Beyond the deeply concerning situation in Greece, the EU is looking to replicate the EU-Turkey Statement model elsewhere, and in so doing, risks setting a dangerous precedent for the rest of the world. The EU has a proud history of commitment to international law and human rights which has driven its policies for 60 years. This joint agency paper argues that now is the time for Europe to show global leadership on migration by adopting policies that uphold these values, rather than triggering a race to the bottom.
It is one year since the introduction of Europe's flawed migration policies to close borders along the Western Balkan route and return migrants and refugees to Turkey, leaving thousands stranded in Greece. This update provides an overview of the current situation in Greece, and sets out what eight national and international responding agencies see as the most urgent issues to address and the major concerns with Europe's response to this crisis.This paper is an update to the October 2016 briefing More than Six Months Stranded - What Now?
Boston Consulting Group;
The Stavros Niarchos Foundation (SNF) had asked the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) in 2010 to develop a business plan and impact assessment for the newly planned Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center (SNFCC) in Athens. Given the near completion state of the project, and the significant changes in the macroeconomic conditions, the SNF asked BCG to revise the impact study, which is presented hereafter. This new report is structured along three key themes: the SNFCC's positive impact on Greece's image & its people, its status as a global role model of environmental sustainability, and its deep economic impact in a time of crisis. With regards to the first theme, the SNFCC can be a global landmark for Greece and its people, a monument of modernity and sustainability for the city of Athens. Not only can it improve Greece's image internationally, SNFCC's visibility is likely to boost tourism to Greece at a critical time. The SNFCC is expected to be a landmark of inclusion, providing access for those of all backgrounds, and those with special needs, to the rich offering of Greece's cultural and educational legacy. The local community will have an improved quality of life with clean air, exercise facilities and twice as much green space.In terms environmental sustainability, the SNFCC is the first public building in Greece -- and one of the few high scale and complex buildings globally -- to achieve a LEED Platinum certification. Based on this certification, best practice environmental standards were met during the SNFCC's design and construction, and guarantee its sustainability during operations. Tangible benefits on the local ecosystem are already apparent in the Stavros Niarchos Park.Finally, with respect to the SNFCC's economic impact, the majority of the total SNF donation of €596M has been spent in Greece. In this challenging period, the SNFCC's construction has already contributed more than €1.1Β in Greek GDP, ~ 13.6K jobs and €57M in taxes. In its operational phase, the SNFCC is expected to make an annual contribution of ~ €140M in Greek GDP, employment of ~ 2.3K people, and €19M in taxes.
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
This week the Greek government reached agreement with the European authorities and the IMF for 130 billion euros in lending, as part of a new adjustment package to replace the current IMF program that began in May of 2010. Although the agreement should allow the government to avoid default in March, there are grave doubts as to whether the agreed upon program will lead the country to a point where it returns to growth, has a sustainable debt burden, and can borrow from private markets.
The Stavros Niarchos Foundation announced the results of Deloitte's analysis of the "Initiative Against the Greek Crisis", a three-year, $130 million (€100 million) grant program funded by the Foundation, announced in early 2012, in order to help alleviate the adverse effects of the socioeconomic crisis in Greece. The report analyzed the grants made through the Initiative and assessed their overall impact on society at large.
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
In the past 6 years the Greek economy has gone through a massive adjustment at a steep price. The economy finally grew in 2014, by 0.6 percent, but the recovery is weak, slow and fragile.This paper argues that prolonged mass unemployment and reduced living standards, brought about by years of recession and budget cuts, are unnecessary, and that a robust recovery is feasible. It presents an alternative macroeconomic scenario with a moderate fiscal stimulus, which brings the economy much closer to full employment over the next five years, with a lower net debt than currently projected by the IMF. This alternative is just one of many possible scenarios, some of which might include debt cancellation, or more help from the European Central Bank in maintaining low interest rates, especially in light of its recently announced quantitative easing program. The current program, which forecasts a weak recovery with many downside risks, as well as continued mass unemployment in the years ahead, should be replaced with policies that offer a much stronger and faster recovery.
The Stavros Niarchos Foundation's Grants Against the Greek Crisis is a EUR 100 mil., three-year initiative, which started in January 2012. The Initiative's goal was to alleviate society from the severe consequences of the financial crisis in Greece and to assist those most in need to navigate through these difficult circumstances in the less painful way possible.This report measures the impact of the Grants Against the Greek Crisis initiative, which aimed to cover different needs and target various vulnerable groups. The majority of the grants were directed towards combating social exclusion, supporting overburdened households and providing food aid to unprivileged societal groups and areas. Equally important, the initiative offered employment services, provided temporrary accommodation and housing, provided relief and healthcare services and supported the preservation of health standards. The interrelation of the above was seen as an opportunity to develop programs and direct funding into services that could collectively address multiple needs.
The Pew Charitable Trusts;
This report assesses the environmental and social impacts of the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG), running from 2000 to 2006, using a range of quantitative and qualitative information. EU allocations for FIFG totalled €3.2 billion, of which Spain received nearly half. Member State contributions brought the total allocation of FIFG funding to €4.9 billion.A key objective of structural policy in the fisheries sector was to bring the fishing capacity of the European fleet into line with available biological resources. We identify that FIFG funding has not achieved the intended net fishing capacity reduction and, in some fleet segments, has led to fleet capacity increases. This has contributed to the worsening status of some stocks and has hindered the recovery of other stocks, as well as having had associated negative impacts on marine environment.
Open Society Foundations;
Today, Greece is the European Union member state where journalism and the media face their most acute crisis. This study identifies the urgent problems facing media policy in Greece and how they affect independent journalism.Since the 1980s and '90s, deregulation has increased the viewing choices for audiences in Greece. At the same time, the legal and regulatory framework has helped concentrate ownership of press, television, and radio outlets. Private channels operate with temporary licenses and independent regulatory authorities function superficially and ambivalently. As a result, the market has been dominated by a handful of powerful newspaper interests, which have expanded into audiovisual and online media. Recent laws have further liberalized media ownership and cross-ownership.Media Policy and Independent Journalism in Greece, based partly on in-depth interviews with key actors, explores these issues and more in this six-chapter report.