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The rapid spread of COVID-19 has created a global health and economic crisis that is testing regions around the world. In response, foundations, corporations, and individuals have been disbursing funds to nonprofits to help communities cope with these unprecedented challenges. Candid has been closely tracking the global private philanthropic response to COVID-19 through news stories and other publicly available resources as well as from funders who have reported disbursements directly to Candid. In this report, the Center for Disaster Philanthropy and Candid look at the philanthropic dollars that were distributed for COVID-19 in the first half of 2020.
Technology-facilitated personalized learning (PL) approaches have become increasingly common in K–12 schools across the United States, and as distance learning becomes more common during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, they are poised to become even more widely used. PL aims to create individual learning experiences and pathways for students. PL takes a wide variety of forms and typically involves changes to instructional materials and practices as well as school and system-level organizational conditions. These changes are often facilitated by technology. Despite the popularity of PL, little data exists on the prevalence of PL practices, and there is only limited understanding of the conditions needed to support high-quality PL implementation, particularly in high schools. This report presents findings from RAND's 2018 American Teacher Panel. As part of the survey, a nationally representative sample of high school teachers responded to questions about their use of instructional practices consistent with PL and access to necessary supports. The findings should be useful to practitioners, professional development and support providers, researchers, and policymakers who are interested in understanding how high school teachers are using PL practices and which supports and resources they need to use them effectively.
Tiny Beam Fund;
HIGHLIGHTS:*By analyzing content related to meat, vegetarian, and vegan food in blogs and magazines in Kenya, this report uncovers cultural themes, attitudes, and beliefs about food in today's Kenyan popular media (e.g. lifestyle and nation are strong themes).*The report is aimed at helping those who want to support local Kenyan food systems, to stave off the "Westernized" diet and/or nutrition transition, to reduce animal-based food consumption in Kenya. In particular, it helps them to grasp the huge importance of understanding local food cultures and dietary practices, and to use culturally appropriate food messages in their outreach work.*To promote desired food habits in Kenya, the report suggests establishing annual vegetarian and/or vegan food festivals, encouraging individuals with culinary talent via awards, and supporting "restaurant weeks" in urban centers where participating restaurants provide special menus that offer discounts or new recipes.
Feedback is essential to improving quality, and just about everyone is tired of surveys. This guide provides step-by-stem guidance on engaging and innovative ways to solicit feedback, including visual, verbal, and kinesthetic methods. Many methods are especially effective for children, adults who speak a language other than English, and communities that prefer to communicate verbally and divually.
The intended goal of this paper is to help guide policymakers, international financial institutions and development agencies in their design and implementation of public sector reform programmes in Iraq. It is worth emphasizing that Iraq's predicament is by no means exceptional, and this paper uses specific and relevant experiences from other countries to illustrate how to overcome obstacles to reform.
Carnegie Middle East Center;
Today, four of the five pillars that had sustained Lebanon are collapsing, creating fears for the future.
In the fall of 2018, the Brookings Institution and the Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation at Harvard Kennedy School launched the Universal Voting Working Group to study and advance the idea of universal civic duty voting in the United States. This report is the culmination of that work—and the beginning, we hope, of a larger conversation. Organized by Miles Rapoport, Ash Center Senior Practice Fellow in American Democracy, and E.J. Dionne Jr., Brookings Senior Fellow and Harvard Visiting Professor, the working group included 25 members. Amber Herrle, then of the Brookings Institution, took on the responsibilities of principal editor and project coordinator, and Cecily Hines made indispensable contributions throughout as an organizer, editor, and advisor on legal issues.
Science Publishing Group;
Effective health and safety training can contribute to a reduction of workplace accidents and assist employers to meet their health and safety legal obligations as prescribed by health and safety legislation. This paper considers the competency requirements for trainers of health and safety within the Australian Vocational Education and Training (VET) context from a standards perspective. Currently, there are not specific specified requirements for these trainers, but rather generic requirements that apply to all trainers in the VET sector. An interpretive qualitative method utilizing observations based on a review of a range of sources, including published research, standards documents, general internet sources and industry publications is applied such that the health and safety training practices and environments in the VET sector are explored and described. Health and safety training, in order to be effective, warrants careful attention to the training environment, the training practices implemented and the skills and knowledge of the trainer. The role of standards for health and safety training, with ANSI/ASSE Z490.1-2016 and CAN/CSA Z1001-18b provided as examples, is considered and a these standards provide a basis for a proposed standardization for health and safety training practitioners in the Australian VET system. The findings offer inclusion of a specific training and assessment unit of competency in the TAE Training and Education Training Package to address the specific requirements for safety trainers, which then be used as a benchmark in the VET sector and by employers and industry. The paper, in conclusion, posits that inconsistent training practices and trainer qualifications could be minimized by utilizing a national, consensus-based standard on the training practices in health and safety training, which can be achieved through a competency specification.
Though still a relatively small phenomenon, entrepreneurial education holds rare promise. NFTE, which inspired Sookoo's business, has served approximately half a million young people since the 1980s. A handful of other entrepreneurship-education programs aim to inculcate similar skills in young people as well as those already in the labor market. The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, for instance, funds the free 1 Million Cups program, which hosts gatherings in more than 100 communities for potential entrepreneurs to learn how to start businesses, and online FastTrac courses as well.
Scientific Research Publishing;
This paper considers the use of de-escalation techniques to manage aggressive behaviours such as challenging behaviours, behaviours of concern, verbal abuse, threats and threatening behaviours, and physical assault from a workplace perspective. The techniques are presented as training requirements for a program to develop competency and confidence in de-escalation practices. Training in this area should cover a range of performance and knowledge requirements inclusive of sources of anger and aggression and how they can lead to violence, undertaking situational risk assessment, use of de-escalation techniques, and self-care.